Pros and Cons of major FMCG Products Categories

Angela Obilom
9th November, 2022
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Fast-moving consumer goods consist of products people use for everyday life. They can be broadly grouped into three categories namely: Household care, Personal care, and Food and beverages.

These categories vary in how they perform in FMCG distribution business. They do differently in different regions of the country and at different times. 

In this article, we examine the advantages and disadvantages of these categories of FMCG products as far as Nigeria is concerned. 

These pros and cons will be addressed using the factors below:

Factors affecting the performance of FMCG Products

Availability: This talks about the quantity of the product that is in circulation.

Perishability: What is the shelf life of the product?

Demand and Consumer Preference: Do consumers ask for the product often and is it their top preference? 

Brand Marketing: Is it a product that the producers put marketing effort into?

Pricing: Is it a good value for money?

Now, let’s look into the three FMCG product categories mentioned earlier and how these factors affect their performance.

Household Care 

Pros: 

  • Long shelf life
  • High demand for quality brands.

Cons

  • Low barrier for new entrants.
  • Local production abounds hence low-cost alternatives.

Personal care

Pros: 

  • High demand
  • Low perishability
  • Most top brands are always marketing

Cons

  • Changes in price Breaks in the consumption cycle 
  • It’s hard to change consumer preferences 
  • Fewer producers hence out-of-stock issues often arise

Food and beverages

Pros:

  • Food is a necessity hence demand is always high
  • Most local FMCG producers and even importers are in this category

Cons:

  • The most perishable category with the least shelf life.

It's also worth noting that these categories perform differently in different locations and at different times of the year. 

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